Cao Fisheries Agreement

After nearly a decade of negotiations, the agreement was reached on 3 October 2018 in Ilulissat, Greenland, to prevent unregulated fishing on the high seas in the Central Arctic Ocean (CAOF agreement). The CAOF Agreement is the first regional fisheries agreement adopted before the opening of fishing in a given area and has already been welcomed by representatives of States and non-governmental organisations as a scientifically based measure and as an expression of the precautionary approach. This article provides a critical analysis of the content of the CAOF agreement. It provides an overview of the negotiations that led to the conclusion of the CAOF Agreement and examines its geographical and substantive scope. Particular attention will be paid to the extent to which the CAOF Convention provides for a precautionary approach to the conservation and management of fishing on the high seas, as well as to the issue of participation in this regional fisheries contract. Subsequently, the A5 invited China, the EU, Iceland, Japan and South Korea to the negotiations. For this reason, the remaining meetings were held in the A5+5 and were accompanied by separate meetings of scientific experts on fish stocks in the Central Arctic Ocean (FiSCAO). On 30 November 2017, a draft contract was finalised and, after legal and technical review, the final text of the CAOFA was made available in the first half of 2018. « the United States to engage in international talks and take the necessary steps with other nations to negotiate an agreement on the management of migratory and transboundary fish stocks in the Arctic Ocean. » Arctic Ocean coastal states are committed to preventing unregulated fishing.

The Council received a presentation from Jean-Pierre Plé (NFS Office of International Affairs and Seafood Inspection) and Candace Nachman (NMFS Office of Policy) on the development of an international agreement to prevent commercial fishing in the central Arctic Ocean (CAO) for at least 16 years, while scientists have the impact of climate change on CAD and its ability to maintain commercial fishing, Investigate. The agreement was signed by 10 participants at a meeting in Greenland in 2018 and aims to prevent unregulated fishing in the upper part of the CAO as part of a long-term strategy to protect the health of the CAD ecosystem and promote the sustainable exploitation of fisheries resources. It is particularly important that indigenous and local knowledge be considered on an equal footing with scientific knowledge. To effectively protect Arctic fish stocks, scientific and local knowledge is therefore essential. This is in line with other agreements, such as the Paris Agreement on climate change, which takes the same approach. On October 3, 2018, Canada signed an international agreement to prevent unregulated commercial fishing on the high seas of the central Arctic Ocean. This Agreement provides all Signatories with a framework for cooperation to better understand the ecosystems of the Area and to prevent commercial fishing until adequate scientific information is available for management measures. Now that Canada is the third party to ratify the agreement (after the Russian Federation and the EU), its entry into force is approaching (once all ten parties have ratified it). .

. .